Rome's Stadio Olimpico is the main and largest sports facility in the city of Rome.
It is located within the Foro Italico sports complex on the north of the city.
An asset of the Italian National Olympic Committee, the structure is intended primarily for football.
It is the home stadium of S.S.Lazio and A.S. Roma and is the venue of the final Coppa Italia, and all athletics, but occasionally concerts.
Throughout its history, it has undergone three substantial restructurings and a complete restyling.
In its first stages, the Stadio Olimpico was called the Stadio dei Cipressi.
It was designed and constructed within the larger project of the Foro Mussolini (Mussolini Forum), which was renamed Foro Italico after the war.
Construction work began in 1901, under the direction of Turinese engineer Angelo Frisa and architect Enrico Del Debbio, and was finished in 1910, with a capacity of 35,000.
On December 1950, the site was reopened for the completion of the stadium.
The project was entrusted to the engineer Carlo Roccatelli, a member of the Superior Council of Public Works.
On the death of Roccatelli in 1951, the direction of the work was entrusted to architect Annibale Vitellozzi.
It now reaches a capacity of about 100,000 people (hence the name of Stadio dei Centomila, which the stadium was called before 1960).
And in view of the XVII Olympiad, the building was inaugurated on 17 May 1953 with a football game between Italy and Hungary.
During the 1960 Summer Olympics, the stadium hosted the opening and closing ceremonies, and the athletics competitions.
The main feature of the stadium was its surprisingly low elevation from the ground, despite its considerable capacity.
The result was achieved thanks to partial sottoelevazione of the pitch, also exploiting the natural shape of a hollow ground around it.
Thanks to these measures, the system was integrated seamlessly with the surrounding environment, providing a very pleasing visual appearance and content.
But the main criticism in these years was the poor views from the curva caused by the large distance from the pitch.
This was due to the presence of the athletics track and the need to conform to the existing structure.
In view of the 1990 FIFA World Cup, which was the Olympic main Stadium, the facility was the subject of an extensive enhancement.
Because of the work in 1989, the teams Lazio and Roma played their internal competitions at Stadio Flaminio.
The work was entrusted to a team of designers, including the original designer Annibale Vitellozzi.
From 1987 to 1990, the plan of action was amended several times, with a consequent rise in costs.
Ultimately, Olimpico was entirely demolished and rebuilt in reinforced concrete, with the exception of the Tribuna Tevere expanded with the addition of further steps, the curves were closer to the field of nine metres.
All sectors of the stadium were covered with full coverage in tensostructure white.
Also installed were backless seats in blue plastic, and two giant screens built in 1987 for the World Athletics Championships were also mounted inside the curve.
At the end of the new version of Olympus surpassed 80,000 posts, and so was the 14th stage in the world for number of seats in the stadiums used for football, the 29th among all the stages and the second in Italy, to just behind the San Siro Stadium of Milan.
The restructuring works, with the result of an undoubtedly impressive and fascinating, not kept account of the surroundings.
The Stadio Olimpico was host to five matches in which the Italian National Team took part in, and the final between West Germany and Argentina. West Germany won the final match 1–0.
By the same conformation of 1990, on 22 May 1996, the Stadio Olimpico hosted the UEFA Champions League Final between Juventus and Ajax, which saw the Bianconeri prevail in a penalty shoot-out.
In 2007, it was engaged in a vast plan of restyling inside the stadium to conform to UEFA standards, for the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final, which was disputed in Rome.
The work was performed and completed in 2008, having included the establishment of standard structures, with improvements in security, the adjustment of dressing rooms and press room, the complete replacement of the seats, installing high definition LED screens, the partial removal of plexiglas fences between spectators and the field, and a reduction of posts, until the current capacity of 72,698.
In order to increase the comfort of the audience, a part of the modernisation of the stadium were the increase of the points of rest and adjustment to a toilet.
These actions have allowed the Stadio Olimpico to be classified as UEFA Elite stadium.